Free download the book Physics 9th Class English medium students. This book is by Punjab Curriculum and Textbook Board, Lahore and published by Caravan Book House, Lahore.
The authors of the book are Prof. Tahir Hassan and Prof. Muhammad Naeem Anwar.
The Case for Physics
Trefil refers back to the “physics first” technique presented through 1988 Nobel Laureate Leon Lederman in his Chicago-based instructional reforms. Trefil’s analysis is this technique is especially beneficial for older (i.e. excessive school age) students, at the same time as he believes the greater conventional biology first curriculum is suitable for younger (elementary & center faculty) students.
In short, this approach emphasizes the concept that physics is the maximum essential of sciences. Chemistry is implemented physics, after all, and biology (in it is present day shape, at least) is largely carried out chemistry. You could of path amplify beyond that into more precise fields … zoology, ecology, & genetics are all further applications of biology, for example.
However the factor is that all of technology can, in principle, be reduced down to essential physics ideas inclusive of thermodynamics and nuclear physics. In reality, that is how physics advanced historically: fundamental concepts of physics had been decided through Galileo whilst biology nonetheless consisted of diverse theories of spontaneous era, in the end.
Consequently, grounding a scientific schooling in physics makes best sense, due to the fact it’s far the inspiration of technological know-how.
From physics, you can expand evidently into the greater specialized packages, going from thermodynamics & nuclear physics into chemistry, for instance, and from mechanics & cloth physics ideas into engineering.
The route cannot be followed easily in reverse, going from an information of ecology right into a know-how of biology right into a know-how of chemistry and so forth. The smaller the sub-category of expertise you’ve got, the much less it is able to be generalized. The extra widespread the information, the more it may be applied to precise situations. As such, the fundamental expertise of physics will be the maximum useful scientific understanding, if a person had to choose which areas to take a look at.
And all of this makes feel, because physics is the observe of count number, energy, space and time, without which there would be not anything in lifestyles to react or thrive or live or die.
The whole universe is constructed upon of the ideas revealed by means of a have a look at of physics.
Why Scientists want Non-technological know-how schooling
While close to nicely rounded education, I suppose I should also factor out that the alternative argument holds simply as strongly: someone who is analyzing science wishes on the way to characteristic in society, and this entails know-how the entire culture (not just the techno-lifestyle) involved. The splendor of Euclidean geometry isn’t inherently extra beautiful than the words of Shakespeare … it’s simply beautiful in a specific manner.
In my revel in, scientists (and physicists especially) have a tendency to be fairly nicely rounded in their hobbies. The classic instance is the violin-playing virtuoso of physics, Albert Einstein. One of the few exceptions is possibly medical students, who lack diversity more due to time constraints than loss of interest.
A firm draw close of technology, without any grounding within the rest of the arena, provides little know-how of the arena, let alone appreciation for it. Political or cultural problems do now not take case in a few form of scientific vacuum, in which ancient & cultural issues need not be taken under consideration.
Even as I’ve regarded many scientists who sense that they are able to objectively compare the arena in a rational, scientific way, the truth is that important troubles in society by no means contain only medical questions. The Manhattan project, for example, became no longer merely a scientific organization, but also clearly brought on questions that amplify a long way outside of the realm of physics.