The authors of the book are Prof. Dr. Rafi-ud-Din Hashmi and Dr. Abdullah Shah Hashmi.
The History of the Urdu Language
This work, published in Delhi in 1920, is a history of the Urdu language from its origins to the development of an Urdu literature. Urdu and Hindi share an Indo-Aryan base, but Urdu is associated with the Nastaliq script style of Persian calligraphy and reads right-to-left, whereas Hindi resembles Sanskrit and reads left-to-right. The earliest linguistic influences in the development of Urdu probably began with the Muslim conquest of Sindh in 711. The language started evolving from Farsi and Arabic contacts during the invasions of the Indian subcontinent by Persian and Turkic forces from the 11th century onward. Urdu developed more decisively during the Delhi Sultanate (1206–1526) and the Mughal Empire (1526–1858). When the Delhi Sultanate expanded south to the Deccan Plateau, the literary language was influenced by the languages spoken in the south, by Punjabi and Haryanvi, and by Sufi and court usage. The earliest verse dates to the 15th century, and the golden period of Urdu poetry was the 18th–19th centuries. Urdu religious prose goes back several centuries, while secular writing flourished from the 19th century onward. Modern Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and is also spoken by many millions of people in India.
Half a month back, there was an extremely fascinating article in the Monetary Circumstances that offered the reprieve up of dialects talked by the general population of Pakistan. Strikingly 48 % of the populace communicates in Punjabi while Urdu is talked by just 8 %. I generally believed that Urdu was the dialect of sub mainland Muslims. After fourteen days there was a letter in the Viewpoint by Khushwant Singh where he whined that the Punjabis had killed Urdu in Punjab. A prior paper titled Aligarh Development read “Another improvement amid this period was the rise of Urdu as a scholarly dialect amid the period 1818 to 1905”. Where did Urdu spring from?
The goal of this article is to follow the sources of Urdu and its improvement in Bharat beginning with appearance of Mughal control (Persian-Arabic-Turkish were utilized by before rulers) and completion in 1947. I have additionally endeavored to discover a response to Khushwant Singh’s comments and reveal to you how Urdu got captured in the Hindu Muslim pre 1947 crossfire. Accidental to the target of this article was my understanding that Urdu has turned into another case of the Container Islamic Muslim personality. The article has three parts.